Senin, 10 November 2008

tauhid

Chapter I -- "On Tauhid"

Allah--ta`ala--has said: "I have not created jinn and mankind except to serve Me . . . And to every people We sent a prophet to convey to them that they ought to serve Allah and avoid at-taghot. . . . Your Lord has decreed that you shall serve none but Him, and show kindness to your parents . . . Serve Allah and do not associate aught with Him . . . Come, let me tell you what your Lord has forbidden you; namely, that you do not associate aught with Him." (Qor'an 51:56, 16:36, 17:23, 4:36, 6:151-153)

Ebn Mus`od said: "Whoever wishes to ascertain the will of the Prophet Mohummed--salla 'llaho `alayhi wasallam--a will on which the Prophet had set his seal, let him read the following

words of Allah: 'Come, let me tell you what your Lord has forbidden you, namely, that you do not associate aught with Him . . . And that is My straight path." (Qor'an 6:151-153)

Mo`ad ebn Jabal related: "I was riding behind the Prophet--salla 'llaho `alayhi wasallam--when he said to me: 'O Mo`ad! Do you know what is due to Allah from His creatures, and what is due them?' I responded: 'Allah and His Prophet know best.' He continued: 'What is due to Allah from His creatures is to serve Him alone and never to associate any other being with Him. What is due them is not to punish any person who does not associate aught with Him.' I said: 'O Prophet of Allah, may I not then give the glad tidings to the people?' He replied: 'No! Do not reassure them lest they rely on the promise and lapse in their service to Him.'" The foregoing hadith is


Chapter II -- Virtues of Tauhid and the Many Sins for Which it Atones

Allah--ta`ala--said: "Those who believed and mixed not their iman [faith] with injustice . . . " (Qor'an 6:82) It was related by `Obadat ebn as-Samet that the Prophet of Allah--sa`aws--said: "Whoever witnesses that there is no god but Allah, alone, without associate, and that Mohummed is His servant and apostle, that `Isa [Jesus] is the servant of Allah and His apostle, His command unto Mary and of His spirit, that Paradise and Hell are true, Allah would on that account enter him into Paradise." This hadith was reported in both Sahihs, which also recorded the report of `Etban that the Prophet said: "Allah will not permit to be consigned to Hell anyone who witnesses 'There is no god but Allah,' seeking thereby nothing but Allah's face."

Abo Sa`id al-Khodri reported that the Prophet of Allah--sa`aws--said: "When Mosa [Moses] asked Allah to teach him a prayer to recite whenever he remembered or called upon Him, Allah answered: "Say, O Mosa, there is no god but Allah." Mosa said: "O Lord, all your servants say these words." Allah said: "O Mosa, if the seven heavens and all they hold, and the seven earths as well, if all these were weighed against this word of 'There is no god but Allah,' the latter would outweigh the former." Ebn Hebban also reported it and al-Hakem corrected its version. At-Termedi recorded, with some editing, the report of Anas that he heard the Prophet of Allah--sa`aws--say: "Allah said: 'O Man! Were you to come to Me with all the bags of the world full of your sins, but with the witnessing that you associate naught with Me, I would come to you with those bags full of mercy and forgiveness.'"


Chapter III -- Whoever Practices Tauhid Enters Paradise Without Reckoning

Allah--ta`ala--said: "Ebrahim was indeed a model, devoutly obedient to Allah, a hanif. He was not an associationist." (Qor'an 16:120) [Allah called His servants] "those who associate naught with their Lord." (Qor'an 23:59)

Hosayn ebn `Abder-Rahman reported: "Once, when I was at Sa`id ebn Jobayr's, I heard the Prophet ask: 'Who has seen the shooting star yesterday?' I answered: 'I did,' and explained that I was not at prayer at the time because I had been stung. He said: 'What did you then do?' I replied: 'I sought spiritual means (roqyat) to cure it.' He said: 'What compelled you to do that?' I said: 'A report I heard from ash-Sha`bi, which he related on behalf of Boraydat ebn al-Hosayb, who said: 'No roqyat or recourse for cure by spiritual means except from jealousy or a scorpion's sting.' He said: 'You did well to reach this knowledge.'" However, Ebn `Abbas reported: "The Prophet--sa`aws--said: 'All the nations were paraded in front of me, and I saw the prophets follow one another, the one with a large crowd, the other with two or three people, and one with none. There then appeared a large multitude of people which I took to be my people. But I was told that these were the people of Mosa. Later, a larger multitude appeared and I was told that those were my people. Among them were seventy thousand who would enter Paradise without reckoning or punishment.' The Prophet then left for his chambers, and the people began to surmise who of them would be in the Prophet's company on that day. Some said: 'Perhaps it would be the companions of the Prophet--sa`aws.' Others surmised it to be those who were born into Islam and therefore had never associated anything with Allah. The Prophet returned and found them still trying to guess. They asked him about the identity of the people, and he said: 'They are those who do not seek spiritual cures for physical ills, who do not practice cauterization, nor believe in omens, but depend totally on their Lord.' `Okashat ebn Mehsan rose and said: 'O Prophet, pray to Allah that I may be one of them.' The Prophet answered: 'You are indeed one of them.' When another

person sought to repeat the request, the Prophet told him that `Okashat had beaten him to it.


Chapter IV -- Fear of Shirk

Allah--may He be praised and glorified--said: "Allah will not forgive associating aught with Him; but He will forgive the lesser sins to whomsoever He pleases." (Qor'an 4:48, 116)

Al-Khalil--`alayhis salam--said: "O Allah! Grant that neither I nor my descendants ever worship idols." (Qor'an 14:35) In the hadith we read: "What I fear most for you is the lesser shirk. When asked what it is, the Prophet answered, 'Hypocrisy.'" In al-Bokhari's Sahih, we read that Ebn Mus`od--radiya llaho `anho--reported: "The Prophet of Allah--sa`aws--said: 'Whoever dies while calling on associates to Allah shall enter Hell.'" In Moslem's Sahih we read: "Jaber--ra`a--reported that the Prophet of Allah--sa`aws--said: 'Whoever meets Allah on the Day of Judgment not having associated aught with Him, shall enter Paradise; and whoever meets Him having done the contrary shall be consigned to Hell.'"